It is very evident from the name what colonoscopy means. Colon is a part of the intestine that is just before the anus – it is the end of the large intestine and where feces are stored. “Scope” means to observe or inspect. Colonoscopy is a procedure that is done to check the health of your colon and whether it is in perfect shape or not. There can be various reasons why a doctor might suggest you for a colonoscopy ranging from colon cancer to anemia to simple change in bowel habits. There are few details you need to know about colonoscopy that will be discussed during the course of this article.
How it is done?
Like it has been mentioned in the introduction, it is a procedure that is done to examine the inside of the colon. It is done with a machine called Colonoscope, this machine is also known as an endoscope. It is basically a flexible long tube-like instrument with an imaging device – a camera at the end of it that is capable of transmitting live pictures to a monitor outside.
The expert who does this procedure should be able to spot an anomaly, should there be any, by looking at the monitor. There are a few rules that must be followed for ease of the procedure.
Rules to follow before the procedure
In order to provide the expert with a clear view of the colon, the colon must be completely cleaned at the time of the procedure. Before the colonoscopy, your physician will prescribe dietary modifications that will ensure smooth bowel movement. There are certain foods that you will need to avoid before the procedure. You should be avoiding salad, poppy seeds, grapes, tomatoes, green peas or any other high-fiber food items. It is usually advised to maintain a low fiber almost-liquid diet two days before going through the procedure.
Should you have it when the doctor is not suggesting it?
If yes, how often can you have it?
The answer to this question varies from individual to individual and depends greatly on the health of one’s colon. The higher your chances of getting colorectal cancer, the most frequently you should be having it. If you have a family history of colon problems, then also you need to go for regular check-ups. Should you be prone to colon related problems, your doctor will suggest how often you should be checking the health of your colon. The average age of developing a colorectal cancer is 45 so the people around this age group if they notice any anomaly regarding digestion should go for regular check-ups.